The Safavid dynasty had its origin in the Safavid order of Sufism, which was established in the city of Ardabil in the Iranian Azerbaijan region.
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Their patronage, which included opening royal workshops for artists, created a favourable climate for the development of art. By the time of the establishment of the Safavid empire, the members of the family were Turkicized and Turkish-speaking, and some of the Shahs composed poems in their then-native Turkish language.
 There seems now to be a consensus among scholars that the Safavid family hailed from Iranian Kurdistan, and later moved to Iranian Azerbaijan, finally settling in the 11th century CE at Ardabil.
 A collection of his poems in Azeri were published as a Divan.
The Safavids benefited from their geographical position at the centre of the trade routes of the ancient world. The dynasty began as a Sufi order but evolved into a major gunpowder empire.
Alien shrines were vandalised, and Sufi mystic groups forbidden. Isfahan had parks, libraries and mosques that amazed Europeans, who had not seen anything like this at home.
Alireza Shapur Shahbazi (2005), "The History of the Idea of Iran", in Vesta Curtis ed., Birth of the Persian Empire, IB Tauris, London, p. 108: "Similarly the collapse of Sassanian Eranshahr in AD 650 did not end Iranians' national idea.
While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Iran weakened appreciably during the reign of Ismāʿīl’s eldest son, Shah Ṭahmāsp I (1524–76), and persistent and unopposed Turkmen forays into the country increased under his incompetent successors. Turning the city over to his chief of staff, he moved south against the…, In 1501 Ismāʿīl I (reigned 1501–24) supplanted the Ak Koyunlu in Azerbaijan. When the Safavids came to power, Shah Ismail was proclaimed ruler at the age of 14 or 15, and by 1510 Ismail had conquered the whole of Iran.
 Sam Mirza, the son of Shah Ismail as well as some later authors assert that Ismail composed poems both in Turkish and Persian but only a few specimens of his Persian verse have survived. The Safavid Empire was strengthened by important Shi'a soldiers from the Ottoman army who had fled from persecution. The Safavid dynasty (/ˈsæfəvɪd, ˈsɑː-/; Persian: دودمان صفوی, romanized: Dudmâne Safavi, pronounced [d̪uːd̪ˈmɒːne sæfæˈviː]) was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran from 1501 to 1736. The Safavid Kings themselves claimed to be sayyids, family descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, although many scholars have cast doubt on this claim. Created many different type of art such as Persian carpet, metallic art, and ceramic. The early Safavid empire was effectively a theocracy.
Thereafter, the continuing struggle against the Sunnis—the Ottomans in the west and the Uzbeks in the northeast—cost the Safavids Kurdistan, Diyarbakır, and Baghdad, while Tabrīz was continuously under threat. The discovery of oil early in the twentieth century and the interest of it to the British and then the Americans determined the style and role of the second Pahlavi Shah. It was an Iranian dynasty of Kurdish origin, but during their rule they intermarried with Turkoman, Georgian, Circassian, and Pontic Greek dignitaries.
For art to succeed at this scale, patronage had to come from the top.
The city of Abadan was badly damaged in the Iran-Iraq War.
To promote Shi'ism the Safavids brought in scholars from Shi'ite countries to form a new religious elite.
The Safavid Empire was based in what is today Iran. The name "Iran" disappeared from official records of the Saffarids, Samanids, Buyids, Saljuqs and their successor.
In the tenth and eleventh centuries, the Buwayhids, who were of Zeydi a branch of Shi'ism ruled in Fars, Isfahan, and Baghdad. Despite the predominantly Sunni character of this territory, he proclaimed Shiʿism the state religion and enforced its creed and prayers in the mosques of his dominion.
Roger M. Savory.
The Safavids were named after their founder Safi al-Din, who died in 1334. , According to historians, including Vladimir Minorsky and Roger Savory, the Safavids were of Turkicized Iranian origin:.
Although the early Ṣafavī order was originally Sunni, following the jurisprudence of the Shāfiʿī school, it gravitated toward Shiʿism over time, perhaps pulled along by the popular veneration of ʿAlī. There are extant Tati and Persian poetry from Shaykh Safi ad-din Ardabili as well as extant Persian poetry from Shaykh Sadr ad-din. Eṣfahān fell to the Ghilzai Afghans of Kandahār in 1722. Safavid dynasty, ruling dynasty of Iran from 1501 to 1736, known especially for its architectural achievements and its establishment of Twelver Shi‘ism among various ethnic and linguistic groups throughout Iran as a major unifying factor.
Shah Ismail was a poet and Shah Tahmasp a painter. This Islamic Empire was strong enough to challenge the Ottomans in the west and the Mughals in the east.
Some major accomplishments about the Safavid Empire: - Gunpowder Empire - Made Iran a center of art, architecture, poetry and philosophy - P ortable rifles to heavy cannon - S hips - Horses - Safavid Empire was artistic.
In July 1501 Ismāʿīl was enthroned as shah, although his area of control was initially limited to Azerbaijan. In August 1514 Ismāʿīl was seriously defeated at Chāldirān by his Sunni rival, the Ottoman sultan Selim I. The Safavid Empire dates from the rule of Shah Ismail (ruled 1501-1524). Safavid Empire Sikhism More Accomplishments By: Sloane Samberson The success of sikhs is directly derived from their religious scriptures which encourages them to work hard and engage in a social life in your community.
Safi al-Din converted to Shi'ism and was a Persian nationalist.
Even though Safavids were not the first Shi'a rulers in Iran, they played a crucial role in making Shi'ism the official religion in Iran. The most significant of these was Ashura, when Shia Muslims mark the death of Husayn. Despite the Safavid Shiʿi zeal, Christians were tolerated and several missions and churches were built.
Ayatollah Khomeini's challenge to the Shah's Royal authority confirmed a deep religious tradition in Iranian society and history. In the 15th century the brotherhood became more militarily aggressive, and waged a jihad (Islamic holy war) against parts of what are now modern Turkey and Georgia.
One of Shah Ismail's most important decisions was to declare that the state religion would be the form of Islam called Shi'ism, that at the time was completely foreign to Iranian culture. But one unofficially used the name Iran, Eranshahr, and similar national designations, particularly Mamalek-e Iran or "Iranian lands", which exactly translated the old Avestan term Ariyanam Daihunam.
However by this period the Empire was disintegrating, and for the next two centuries it lay in decay.
Savory, "Safavid Persia" in: Ann Katherine Swynford Lambton, Peter Malcolm Holt, Bernard Lewis, F. Daftary, "Intellectual Traditions in Islam", I.B.Tauris, 2001. p. 147: "But the origins of the family of Shaykh Safi al-Din go back not to Hijaz but to Kurdistan, from where, seven generations before him, Firuz Shah Zarin-kulah had migrated to Adharbayjan". Read more. The Ṣafavids claimed descent—on grounds that modern research has shown….
, Twelver Shiʻi ruling dynasty of Iran (1501-1736), Genealogy—ancestors of the Safavids and its multi-cultural identity. The Safavids launched a vigorous campaign to convert what was then a predominantly Sunni population by persuasion and by force. A later artistic impression (date unknown) of ʿAbbās I (the Great) of Persia, who planned and rebuilt the city of Eṣfahān, Iran. They also reduced the importance of the Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca), replacing it with pilgrimage to Shi'ite shrines.
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